Art Deco is an elegant style of decorative art, design and architecture which began as a Modernist reaction against the Art Nouveau style. It is characterized by the use of angular, symmetrical geometric forms. One of the classic Art Deco themes is that of 1930s-era skyscrapers such as New York's Chrysler Building and Empire State Building. The former, designed by architect William Van Alen, is considered to be one of the world's great Art Deco style buildings.

The Art Deco Period

Art deco (c.1908 to 1935) Art deco began in Europe, particularly Paris, in the early years of the 20th century, but didn't really take hold until after World War I. It reigned until the outbreak of World War II. It was not just for the elite. By the 1930s, mass production meant that everyone could live in the deco style. Travel became popular. African safaris were all the rage and animal skins, ivory, mother of pearl, and tortoiseshell began to appear in the home. After Tutankhamun's tomb was discovered, Egyptian pyramids and sphinxes adorned everything.

Here is a link to some very good Books about the Art Deco period

The Style

  • geometric and angular shapes
  • chrome, glass, shiny fabrics, mirrors and mirror tiles>
  • stylised images of aeroplanes, cars, cruise liners, skyscrapers
  • nature motifs - shells, sunrises, flowers
  • theatrical contrasts - highly polished wood and glossy black lacquer mixed with satin and furs

    Influences

  • art nouveau - deco kept the nature motifs of its predecessor but discarded its flowing organic shapes and pastels for bolder materials and colours such as chrome and black
  • cubism -painters such as Picasso were experimenting with space, angles and geometry
  • early Hollywood - the glamorous world of the silver screen filtered through to design using shiny fabrics, subdued lighting, and mirrors. Cocktail cabinets and smoking paraphernalia became highly fashionable

    At the time

  • 1912 RMS Titanic sails
  • 1922 Tutankhamun's tomb is discovered
  • 1922 Ulysses by James Joyce is published
  • 1931 Empire State Building is completed
  • Film stars - Greta Garbo, Marlene Dietrich, Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire
  • The charleston and tango are the latest dance crazes, jazz is born and the singer Josephine Baker thrills Paris

    Get the look

    Furniture - choose strong, streamlined shapes for furniture and in single pieces rather than suites.
    Fabrics - stick to plain or geometric fabrics and add highlights with cushions also in one solid block of colour.
    Floors - plain polished parquet is perfect for floors. Linoleum in abstract designs or black and white chequerboard vinyl tiles are also typical.
    Rugs - floors would have been overlaid with a large rug in geometric patterns. These were often handmade by artists such as Duncan Grant (of Bloomsbury Group fame).
    Fireplaces - fireplaces should be rectangular and bold. Surrounds were often tiled in pink, green or beige. They were made of concrete and not many survive today.
    Colour - halls suit bold colour schemes such as silver, black, chrome, yellow and red. Creams, greens and beige, or oyster and eau-de-nil suit living rooms and bedrooms.
    Cupboards - cabinets, wardrobes, etc should be in pale veneered wood and simple shapes in keeping with the light, airy feel.
    Design - the stepped profile is the epitome of the art deco shape, found everywhere from uplighters to picture surrounds. Also look for zigzags, chevrons and lightning bolts.
    Lighting - lights featuring female figures holding the ball of the lamp are typical and good reproductions abound. Also look for chrome, a brand new material at the time, and glass. Glass would have been etched, sandblasted or enamelled rather than coloured.

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